Spode II was appointed âPotter to the Prince of Walesâ when the Prince Regent visited the factory in 1806. Messrs Spode were succeeded in the same business in c. 1833 by Copeland and Garrett, who often used the name Spode in their marks. In Spode's similar "Felspar porcelain", introduced on the market in 1821, felspar was an ingredient, substituted for the Cornish stone in his standard bone china body, giving rise to his slightly misleading name "Felspar porcelain," to what is in fact an extremely refined stoneware comparable to the rival "Mason's ironstone", produced by Josiah II's nephew, Charles James Mason, and patented in 1813 Spode's "Felspar porcelain" continued into the Copeland & Garrett phase of the company (1833–1847). 20% OFF SITEWIDE WINTER SALE NOW ON* FREE Standard … This plate in Pattern number 1495, c.1810, is typical. Spodes's pattern 967, the most popular imitation of "Imari" wares, was recorded in 1807. In partnership with William Copeland, Josiah II continued the business for the next thirty years Under their management in the early 19th century, considered by many to be the âGolden Ageâ of English ceramics, the company grew to be the largest pottery in Stoke and a pre-eminent manufacturer of fine ceramics of every kind. 62. The trade name Felspar Porcelain was used in order to compete with Coalport, who were successfully branding their wares as Felspar Porcelain. Spode also mastered underglaze blue printing, a technique unknown in China. This pattern, along with many others, is comprised only of a single coloured ground (here iron red) and gilding. (. Pattern number 3073 c.1821 Free shipping on many items | Browse your favorite brands | affordable prices. Ball shape tea pot , sugar box and creamer with Bute shape tea cup and saucer c.1820, Spode Octagonal shape tea wares in Felspar Porcelain. His son, Josiah Spode II, was certainly responsible for the successful marketing of English bone china. His early products comprised earthenwares such as creamware (a fine cream-coloured earthenware) and pearlware(a fine earthenware with a bluish glaze) as well as a range of stonewares inc… Pieces date from 1814 to 1833. Spode bone china Spode’s second contribution to the history of porcelain was the development, around 1790, of the formula for fine bone china that was generally adopted by the industry. Spodeâs Felspar Porcelain, a variety of Bone China, was developed in 1821 and subsequently became the standard formula for most English Bone China. Painted marks are often in red and marks can also appear printed usually in blue or black, (although other colours were used) or impressed into the clay so appearing colourless. WHAT IS SPODE? Hand painted and finely gilded in an understated Georgian style and emphasizing the whiteness of the Bone China body, at the time superior to that of any English competitor. It remained an industrial secret for some time. During the 18th century, many English potters were striving and competing to discover the industrial secret of the production of fine translucent porcelain. Change Delivery Country. 1799 is the most likely date but it could perhaps be even a little earlier from circumstantial evidence. The well-known Spode blue-and-white dinner services with engraved sporting scenes and Italian views were developed under Josiah Spode the younger, but continued to be reproduced into much later times. In 2012 the Spode Museum Trust opened the Spode Works Visitor Centre in part of the historic Spode factory. The Spode Christmas Tree pattern remains one of the most popular collectibles in the Spode line and in the history of the ceramics. The merged company entered administration on 6 November 2008. The history and products of the Spode factory have inspired generations of historians and collectors, and a useful interactive online exhibition was launched in October 2010.. Yet the effect is spectacular. These marks are divided into four main categories, including early Spode from 1770 to 1833, Copeland & Garrett from 1833 to 1847, WT Copeland from 1847 to 1970 and Spode from 1970 to 2014. The portrait of Josiah Spode II shown on the right is hand painted on a Spodeâs Felspar porcelain plaque, c.1820. From around 1805, Spode introduced new techniques in ground-laying, resulting in an outburst of finely executed colour on ceramics, which ushered in Regency, as opposed to Georgian, style. Josiah Spode I is credited with the introduction of underglaze blue transfer printing on earthenware in 1783–84. His early products comprised earthenwares such as creamware (a fine cream-coloured earthenware) and pearlware (a fine earthenware with a bluish glaze) as well as a range of stonewares including black basalt, caneware, and jasper which had been popularised by Josiah Wedgwood. Even before Spode arrived, this area was well known as “The Potteries,” one of Britain’s most important districts for the production of porcelain. "Porcelain maker Royal Worcester & Spode goes bust", Selected Royal Warrant holders of the British Royal Family, Our Lady of the Angels and St Peter in Chains Church, Greatest Hits Radio Staffordshire & Cheshire, City of Stoke-on-Trent Sixth Form College, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Spode&oldid=991559655, Privately held companies of the United Kingdom, Manufacturing companies established in 1767, Articles with dead external links from June 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 November 2020, at 18:17. Spode china and dinnerware will help you set the table with impeccable style. (1) 1 product ratings - Spode Chinese Rose 629599 Square Covered Vegetable Serving Dish As the understanding of the work of the early potters depends in part on the study of actual specimens, the loss was both aesthetic and scientific. He is particularly recognised as having developed the technique for underglaze transfer printing on earthenware c.1784 and to have produced the first printed “Willow” patterns 1784-90s. Many items in Spode's Blue Italian and Woodland ranges are made at Portmeirion Group's factory in Stoke-on-Trent. Three generations of the Spode family operated in Stoke-upon-Trent. Josiah IIâs china bodies, first Bone China and, from 1822, its derivative, Felspar Porcelain, outclassed all other contemporary English porcelains not just in terms of beauty but also of reliability of manufacture. Collectors use the dinnerware throughout the holiday season, in the kitchen, in the dining room, from Thanksgiving to the New Year. This was then dipped in the glaze and returned to the kiln for the glost firing. They were known for their bone china and their parian figures. Blue Italian by Spode. The trade name Felspar Porcelain was used in order to compete with Coalport, who were successfully branding their wares as Felspar Porcelain. The most famous pattern of which, âItalianâ, introduced in 1816, continues to be made in quantity to this day. Thanks for visiting Portmeirion Group. Light grey earthenware Hydra jug with applied sprig mouldings in blue c.1825. The History of the Spode Christmas Tree China Pattern. and the company continued on the same site for nearly 250 years. About Spode. Sixteen other versions of Tumbledown Dick pattern were produced. Underglaze "hot-press" printing was limited to the colours that would withstand the subsequent glaze firing, and a rich blue was the predominant colour. Spode's Cabbage pattern was first introduced in about 1814 and was a copy of a Chinese porcelain design based on the so-called 'tobacco leaf' studies. The Cuthbertson Story. He then worked in a number of partnerships until he went into business for himself, renting a small potworks in the town of Stoke-on-Trent in 1767; in 1776 he completed the purchase of what became the Spode factory until 2008. Under the name 'Spode Ltd' the same factories and business was continued after 1970. Josiah Spode I was born in 1733 and after several years working for other local potters, established his own company in 1776 in Church Street, (then known as High Street) Stoke and, like his neighbour and friend Josiah Wedgwood, concentrating on the production of ceramic wares of the finest quality in a variety of bodies. Introduced in 1816, this Spode pattern has been popular for literally centuries … Also shown on this page are a small selection of typical Spode wares made during this period, demonstrating how designs and shapes evolved from the highly restrained Georgian styles through the more ebullient decorative forms of the Regency period. , Among the many surviving Spode documents are two shape books dated to about 1820 which contain thumbnail sketches of bone china objects with instructions to throwers and turners about size requirements. The purchase did not include Royal Worcester or Spode manufacturing facilities. . Others have tried to replicate its popularity but the quality and the stunning detail of the decoration on each plate remains unmatched to this day. Spodeâs Bone China glazes were particularly good in the way they accepted gilding. Amazon.com. Soapstone porcelains further added steatite, known as French chalk, for instance at Worcester and Caughley factories.. "Spode Felspar Porcelain" is often stamped in underglaze on the bottoms of wares, both in simple typography and in copperplate lettering surrounded by a wreath of thistles and roses. You are about to leave Spode.com to shop with .This will start a new shopping cart. Bone china Claw footed "beakersâ in two sizes, in Pattern number 2575, c.1815-17. Spode ‘Botanical Series’ pattern earthenware plate, transfer printed in blue, c.1828.Â This pattern continued to be produced throughout the Copeland and Garrett period and can be found printed in green and in brown. Spode is an English brand of pottery and homewares produced by the company of the same name, which is based in Stoke-on-Trent, England. When Spode employed the skilled engraver Thomas Lucas and printer James Richard, both of the Caughley factory, in 1783 he was able to introduce high quality blue printed earthenware to the market. The Copeland and Garrett mark, which was used from 1833 to 1847. In 2006, the business merged with Royal Worcester. Pattern number 3073 c.1821. It was light in body, greyish-white and gritty where it was not glazed and approached translucence in the early wares; later Stone-Ware became opaque. The company was eventually bought by the Copeland family, then in 2009 it was acquired by the Portmeirion Group. The traditional bone china recipe was 6 parts bone-ash, 4 parts china stone and 3.5 parts kaolin, all finely ground together. Copeland & Sons, late Spode". Copeland and sons, and again the term 'Spode' or 'Late Spode' continued in use alongside the name of Copeland. Bone china, hybrid hard-paste porcelain containing bone ash. From here you can learn about the wide variety of pottery that was made at the Spode factory including the innovations and improvements introduced by Jo This particular design is unusual in that an English flower subject is set within an Imari border. Over the years Spode china has not changed, but the company has undergone many changes. Earthenware plate in âTumbledown Dickâ pattern, pattern number 3715 c.1823. Enjoy the variety of ceramics produced by the Spode factory and see the quality of productions that won them appointments as Potters to the Royal Family. Stonewares are particularly strong and less susceptible to breakage than earthenwares and Jasperwares.  Many items in Spode's Blue Italian and Woodland ranges are now made at Portmeirion Group's factory in Stoke-on-Trent. The intricate gilding shows up well on the cobalt blue ground. These designs, including edge-patterns which had to be manipulated in sections, were cut out using scissors and applied to the biscuit-fired ware (using a white fabric), itself prepared with a gum solution. The processes for underglaze and overglaze decoration were very different. The tissue was then floated off in water, leaving the pattern adhering to the plate. Gift boxed. Spode Copeland discontinued china, replacements, pattern, bread plate, dinner, salad, cup and saucer, platter, vegetable bowl, dish, place settings, dinnerware A bone china beaded Vase in Pattern number 967 which was first introduced in 1807 and remained the most popular Imari pattern for many years.of Lifeâ and is based on a Japanese Spode had the reputation of producing the best bone china in the world. FREE shipping with $99 purchase* The design, pattern number 282 is known as âTree of Lifeâ and is based on a Japanese Kakiemon original. The Plymouth and Bristol factories, and (from 1782 to 1810) the New Hall (Staffordshire) factory under Richard Champion's patent, were producing hard paste similar to Oriental porcelain. For the past 250 years, the Spode brand has brought classic china patterns to the market for generations. Dessert plate in Bone China c1806. Although the Bow porcelain factory, Chelsea porcelain factory, Royal Worcester and Royal Crown Derby factories had, before Spode, established a proportion of about 40–45 per cent calcined bone in the formula as standard, it was Spode who first abandoned the practice of calcining or fritting the bone with some of the other ingredients, and used the simple mixture of bone ash, china stone and kaolin, which since his time set the basic recipe of bone china. The SPODE stamp found incised in the china. Bow-handled bucket in Bone China, decorated with pattern number 878, c.1806. The bone porcelains, especially those of Spode, Minton, Davenport and Coalport, eventually established the standards for soft-paste porcelain which were later (after 1800) maintained widely. The technique was developed by adding calcined bone to this glassy frit, for example in the productions of Bow porcelain and Chelsea porcelain, and this was carried on from at least the 1750s onwards. There are more than 300 identifying marks, datemarks and backstamps on Copeland Spode pottery going back as far as 1770, according to Heirlooms Antiques Centre. The dinnerware is made in England of high-quality earthenware, Spode's imperialware. The Spode company was founded in 1770 by Josiah Spode in Stoke-on-Trent England. Spode’s Felspar Porcelain, a variety of Bone China, was developed in 1821 and subsequently became the standard formula for most English Bone China. On our page, Historic Spode Factory — The People, china painter Denis Emery can be seen decorating a Rhododendron pattern plate. Spode also used on-glaze transfers for other wares. The partnership continued in this form until 1847. The flower painting and the gilding are all done by hand. Spode teawares bat printed in black on drabware, a form of coloured earthenware. When assessing the age and value of a Copeland Spode china piece, it is helpful to divide the company's history into four distinct periods of ownership, beginning with the start of the Spode company's business until 1833. 88–104. This method involved the engraving of a design on a copper plate, which was then printed onto gummed tissue. Josiah Spode is known to have worked for Thomas Whieldon from the age of 16 until he was 21. Blue underglaze transfer became a standard feature of Staffordshire pottery. Spode color … Porcelain Garden Pot and Stand in Pattern number 358 c.1803. The business was carried on through his sons at Stoke until April 1833. An early Spode Devonia shape dish bearing the âStoke Chinaâ mark, indicating a date of manufacture of pre-1800, when Spode renamed âStoke Chinaâ as âBone Chinaâ. Spodeâs Felspar Porcelain is recognised as the forerunner of all modern English Bone China. With a history of serving royalty and even as the dinnerware for the Titanic, Spode is a renowned name that belongs in your china collection! Indeed, it was Spode II who introduced the Blue Italian range. Josiah Spode I died suddenly in 1797 and it fell to his son Josiah Spode II to continue and perfect his fatherâs developments. It is copied from an earlier painting by Keeling in 1806 and engraved by William Greatbach, chief engraver for Spode. They also produced other kinds of bone china, earthenware, parian, etc. He focused his attention on the manufacture of porcelain, a technically more difficult but much finer material than he had previously made, introducing in 1796 a new type of porcelain which he first called âStoke Chinaâ but shortly afterwards renamed âBone Chinaâ, because of the high proportion of calcined ox-bone in its formula. (spode entrance) 1733-1833Travel through Spode’s historyDiscover the history of the Spode family and business by clicking on the timeline dates aboveExplore the evolution of Spode ceramics by clicking on the timeline images above ... Spode stone china. Pieces were not always marked and sometimes just a pattern number appears and no Spode name at all. Spode died suddenly in 1797, and under his son, Josiah Spode II – a talented, ambitious potter himself – the company continued to go from strength to strength. Collect antique and vintage Spode in complete sets whenever possible. Pieces date between 1790 and 1827 and may have a number beneath the stamp. In 1785, Spode began producing its line of blue-on-pearl china , which was to become its first success thanks to the skill of designer Thomas Minton in the early 1790s.
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