The club has since been dissolved. If you want a medium-size dog with an easy-care coat, the Canaan is one to consider. The Canaan Dog is a breed of pariah dog (Canis lupus) that is also known as the Bedouin Sheepdog or Palestinian Pariah Dog.It is one of the oldest and rarest breeds in the world. [3] It is the national dog of Israel. Even the majority of Bedouin dogs today, other than those of tribes still living a traditional and isolated life style, are mixed with other breeds. Remember, it will be an endless struggle for dominance between you and your Canaan. Average body height of the mature Canaan dogs is between 20 and 24 inches at the withers for males and between 18 and 20 inches for the females. In June 1989, the Canaan dog entered the American Kennel Club (AKC) Miscellaneous Class. Take note that even this method, unfortunately, won’t work with those small rodent pets. – Weight between 40 and 55 pounds (18-25 kg) The national breed of Israel, the Canaan Dog has its roots in the Pariah Dog of the Middle East, and which was gradually domesticated from 1935 when selective breeding programmes were developed to stabilise type. The undercoat is dense and soft and the outer coat is harsh and straight. [3] According to tradition, at the time of the Diaspora the Israelites were forcefully removed from their land and had to leave behind their dogs, which reverted to the wild. Their skills were immediately put to test during the World War II, when Canaans were successfully used as patrol dogs, mine detectors, messengers, and guard dogs. The Canaan Dog has a natural prey drive of a typical canine predator. The Canaan Dog developed in the Middle East centuries ago as a herder and flock guardian. In January 1993, the breed was accepted in the Working Group, as the Canadian Kennel Club did not have a Herding group at that time. However, these semi-wild dogs were actually an ancient pariah breed, which was estimated to be more than 2.000 years old based on some anatomically similar dog remains excavated in Ashkelon. It is medium in size, with a truncated wedge-shaped head, pricked ears, and a shaggy tail with a distinctive curve over its back when alert. [1][page needed] It can be found in Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, the Sinai peninsula, and these or dogs very similar are found in Egypt, Iraq, and Syria. The Canaan Dog is not an escape artist and won’t stray far away from an owner’s property, but nonetheless he will get out to mark his territory and deal with every dog intruder that comes near. Their heads are wedged shaped and moderately long seeming broader than they really are thanks to the fact a dog's ears are set so low on their heads. The cost to buy a Canaan Dog varies greatly and depends on many factors such as the breeders' location, reputation, litter size, lineage of the puppy, breed popularity (supply and demand), training, socialization efforts, breed lines and much more. Although it is aloof with strangers, this medium-sized dog is loyal and loving with its human family. He has a double coat, but little brushing is required to keep it in good condition. There is evidence to suggest the breed developed centuries ago in Canaan, the land of the Israelites. Kelef K’naani will warn you with loud bark whenever somebody comes near your property. History and Background. Bitches less than 18 inches or more than 23 inches. [8], The Canaan Dog is a "wild type" dog in appearance. Male The Basics of Canaan Dog Grooming. – Height between 18 and 22 inches (46-56 cm) Canaan Dogs are pariah dogs which live on the fringes of civilization and are frequently used by the Bedouin as flock and camp guardians. So, you can clearly see that this dog demands a dominant and experienced owner, who can recognize certain signs in the dog’s behavior. As you can see, this is a really athletic and graceful dog. The Canaan Dog has a harsh, double coat that protects him from extreme temperatures and does not require much grooming. Female The Canaan Dog or Kelef K’naani (Dog of Canaan) is a Primitive type working dog originating from Middle East, Israel. The chest is moderately deep and narrow. Its profile was raised when John F. Kennedy Jr. purchased a Canaan dog, Friday, in 1995. This is particularly important if you keep your dog indoors. Learn how and when to remove this template message, The Howell Book of Dogs: The Definitive Reference to 300 Breeds and Varieties, "In Israel, a battle to save the ancient Canaan dog", "Facing eviction, Canaan dog breeder turns to public to recruit relocation funds", "Report on the Canaan Dog by Israel Nature Reserves and National Parks Authority", "CDCA: The Canaan Dog Club of America, Inc", "British Canaan Dog Society – Canaan Dogs in the UK", "The Canaan Dog Home Page, ICDCA, updated monthly", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Canaan_Dog&oldid=996643491, Articles needing additional references from May 2020, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from January 2018, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from May 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 December 2020, at 21:05. The Canaan Dog, also known as the Bedouin Sheepdog and Palestinian Pariah Dog,[2] is a breed of pariah dog originating from the Middle East. This is a working dog in the first place, used for herding, watching, guarding, tracking, but can be as well an wonderful family companion. It is believed that this breed originated in the biblical land of Canaan, hence such name. [9], Canaan dogs can compete in dog agility trials, obedience, showmanship, flyball, tracking, and herding events. As such, he will periodically put to test your position as a pack leader. Since then, they have been used as guide dogs for the blind, search and rescue dogs, livestock guarding and herding dogs, watchdogs, and tracking dogs. That’s why this breed cannot be included in the group of excellent guard dogs, although it might seem otherwise. Now we’ll show you how to care for a Canaan Dog. Depending on your dog’s size, on the side of the product you buy, it should give you an estimated daily serving size, so just divide that in half to feed your Canaan dog. The coat can vary in length and density depending on the type of climate where the dog is living. When training your Canaan Dog definitely prepare some tasty treats and stay focused. If you want a medium-size dog with an easy-care coat, the Canaan is one to consider. They are strongly defensive but not aggressive. This way he can get used to them and establish an affinity with them. Did you know During World War II, Dr. Rudolphina Menzel trained more than 400 Canaan Dogs to work as mine detectors for Middle East forces. Canaan Dog Size. All this just proves how these dogs, although stubborn and independent, can excel in various sports and duties in the hands of an experienced owner. I’m sure some of you reading this are already thinking, where to buy one? Kelef K’naani is a pack-oriented dog. The spread of the human population into areas that were formerly isolated, along with their pet dogs, has resulted in the loss of the natural habitat of the Canaan. Numbers in the show ring remain small. This means that he will gladly chase, attack or even kill small animals, including cats, rabbits, hamsters, guinea pigs, etc. This is generally a healthy breed, which is rarely susceptible to some common dog diseases, such as hip dysplasia, progressive retinal atrophy, luxating patella, elbow dysplasia, cryptorchidism, etc. Although athletic and agile, this is not an over-the-top active dog, but nonetheless he demands a regular daily exercise that will challenge him mentally and physically. The slightly angled, almond-shaped eyes occur in different shades of brown. The neck is thick and slightly arched. The Canaans are quite wary, territorial, and protective of their human families. Ten Most Interesting Siberian Husky Facts, Black Norwegian Elkhound Dog Breed Info And Characteristics. Females are slightly smaller, at 19 to 23 inches and 35 to 45 pounds. Herding instincts and trainability can be measured at noncompetitive herding tests. Primitive Dogs » Primitive Types » Canaan Dog Breed Info And Characteristics. The Canaan Dog has a wedge-shaped head with a wide forehead. The coat is straight and harsh, and comes in various colors and patterns. It is a medium-sized square built dog, with a wedge-shaped head, erect and low set ears with a broad base and rounded tips. In December 1970, they were recognized by the Kennel Club, and the breed was placed in the Utility Group. This herding dog is a descendant from semiwild pariah dogs that have been found in the region now known as Israel since biblical times. Grooming. So, yeah, the Canaan Dog is indeed a very, very old breed. … Lessons should be short and harsh treatment should be avoided in any case! The Canaan Dog Club of America was formed the same year, and stud book records were kept from these first reports. Developed from local dogs in the 1930s by Dr Rudolphina Menzel, a dog trainer and breeder from Austria, these are steady, confident dogs, loyal to their family, and aloof with others. You should inspect and clean his ears and eyes, at least, twice a month. The reddish-brown color of the nose varies in shades depending on the coat color. In some light-colored dogs, the pigment of the nose may fade somewhat during the winter months. In the 1930s, Menzel was asked by the Haganah to build up a service dog organization. In 1986, the first Canaan dogs were brought to Finland from Sha'ar Hagai Kennel, in Israel. Male – Height between 20 and 24 inches (51-61 cm) – Weight between 40 and 55 pounds (18-25 kg) Female – Height between 18 and 22 inches (46-56 cm) – Weight between 35 and 50 pounds (16-22,5 kg) And average live body weight of the mature dogs is between 18 and 25 kg. This is not desirable but should not be severely penalized. [5], Since time immemorial, the Bedouins have used this dog for guarding their herds and camps. Size. This makes things a lot harder than they actually seem considering its intelligence. Some Canaan Dogs also do therapy dog and search-and-rescue work. Also, these dogs tend to be very dominant and often aggressive with other dogs, especially those of the same sex. He has a double coat, but little brushing is required to keep it in good condition. The bushy, moderate tail is pointed and is often carried curled upon the straight and strong back. Give it a weekly going over with a rubber curry brush or hound mitt to remove dead hair and distribute skin oils. They are protective of family and may be aggressive toward most other dogs. The Canaani strain has been living for centuries in the desert environment with hot days and cold nights, which means that these dogs can equally well adapt to cold and hot weather conditions. In addition, a controlled collection of dogs of the original type was continued, primarily from the Bedouin of the Negev. This multicolored dog weighs between 25 and 35 pounds and stands at 19 to 24 inches tall. The AKC Standard says, "The Canaan Dog moves with athletic agility and grace, with a quick, brisk, ground-covering trot." Although she was able to train several dogs, she found that the breed was too independent and too small for general guide dog use, although some of her dogs were used successfully by children. The Canaan Dog, which has an average lifespan of 12 to 13 years, does not normally suffer from any major or minor health problems. Bedouins captured male pu… Dogs of this breed were originally developed to be herders and guardians of livestock in the deserts of the Middle East--and this history makes these dogs tend to be independent, suspicious, and at … The ears of the breed are broad at the base, tapering to a somewhat rounded tip and are anywhere from medium to large in size, angling slightly forward upon the dog becoming excited. It is thought that the breed originated in the biblical land of Canaan and were known as Kelev Kanani (Dog of Canaan). Yeah, Israeli Pariah can easily adapt to life indoors, plus, he’s relatively easy to housebreak and has no doggy odour. The low-set and very mobile ears are pricked, triangular, and relatively large. – Weight between 35 and 50 pounds (16-22,5 kg). Height at the withers: Males 50 - 60 cm, Females 40 - 50 cmAverage weight: Males 18 - 25 kg, Females 18 - 25 kgThe Canaan Dog has a very \"Dingo-like\" look about them and there's quite a distinct difference between males and their female counterparts. – Height between 20 and 24 inches (51-61 cm) Whether they will act aggressively depends on dog’s treatment. Its body is compact and well-defined, covered with a smooth double coat of short to medium length. Main Canaan Dog characteristics are high intelligence, resourcefulness, agility, strength, endurance, loyalty, boldness, stubbornness, independence, alertness, and adaptability. It took her about six months to capture her first dog, Dugma, and within a few weeks she was able to take him into town and on buses. The Canaan Dog is very intelligent, strong, athletic, responsive, resourceful, and eager to please, although it can be very stubborn at times. Usually, brushing once a week will suffice, but during shedding periods, you will have to brush your dog, at least, once a day. The Kelef K’naani is a larger medium-sized dog of square shape – the height at the shoulders is equal to its length. Fortunately, Kelef K’naani has it all – agility, speed, strength, endurance, keen senses, and persistency. [4] There are 2,000 to 3,000 Canaan dogs across the world, mostly in Europe and North America. Usually, they are aloof and suspicious towards strangers. The nails should be trimmed once or twice a month and dewclaws can be removed. Canaans belong to the Spitz family and have the characteristic appearance of most primitive dog breeds. The Canaan Dog has a complete set of good-size, evenly spaced, white teeth meeting in a scissors or level bite. The long walk is always a welcome thing, but it would be best if you combine it with some games, like throwing a frisbee. The life expectancy of a Canaan Dog is around 12-13 years. The Canaan Dog is a very clean breed with no doggie odor. The nose is solid black. Many of the Canaan dogs living in the open were destroyed by the Israeli government in the fight against rabies. Size, Proportion, Substance Size--Height at the withers is 20 to 24 inches for dogs and 19 to 23 inches for bitches. [page needed] It can be found in Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, the Sinai peninsula, and these or dogs very similar are found in Egypt, Iraq, and Syria.It is the national dog of Israel. If you like the look of wild canines, you will love the Canaan dog’s natural appearance—“designed by nature,” as the Canaan Dog Club of America eloquently puts it. Also, they can be a solid color of any of mentioned colors. The ideal Canaan Dog lies in the middle of the stated ranges. But, how well does a Canaan Dog reacts to socialization and training in obedience? However, he will usually bark at anything suspicious or strange around the owner’s property. Minimal training is needed for this family orientated dog. Dr. Rudolphina Menzel (1891–1973) used these intelligent scavenger-dogs mainly found in the desert as guard dogs. Canaan Dogs are rather small, and the basic size of the male and female closely overlap. Life Expectancy. However, it certainly isn’t his favorite place to be. The Canaan Dog (pronounced kay-nen) is one of the oldest known breeds of dog in existence today. After her death in 1973, Shaar Hagai Kennels, managed by Dvora Ben Shaul and Myrna Shiboleth, continued the breeding program according to her instructions. After all, the base for this breed were ancient pariah dogs, who have already proven themselves as reliable herders, guardians, and watchdogs. This is the reason Israeli Pariah is not recommended for the first time dog owners. The cat-like feet have arched toes and hard pads. Canaan Dog Description: The history of the Canaan Dog is about 10,000 years old. [10], Canaan dogs are alert, react quickly and distrust strangers. So, make sure you teach your dog how to control this annoying habit. Unfortunately, the Canaan Dog is one of those rare breeds (there are approximately 1.500 Canaans in the world), so they are really hard to come by (price around 900$). Considering how highly intelligent this breed really is, it comes as no surprise that Canaan Dog can be successfully trained to compete in various dog sports. He can be equally affectionate with all family members, but will only fully submit to his primary owner. Even when you’ve done with the training, you will have to correct his behavior from time to time. Considering this, it comes as no surprise that this breed is prone to excessive barking. Apparently, the Canaan Dog is rather a mixed bag in this case. Otherwise, he will challenge you for sure. As a breed that lived independent of humans for roughly 1,800 years, it’s not surprising that this breed is quite hardy. The Canaan Dog was actually developed as a service and military dog, but it turned out he is a lot more than that. Canaan Dogs are intelligent, yet docile. Color ranges from black to cream and all shades of brown and red between, usually with small white markings, or all white with colour patches. So, as you can see, the Canaan Dog is indeed an versatile worker and helper, who can be of great use if treated skillfully. Canaan Dogs should be fed a high quality, dry dog food twice a day. Originally from the area now known as Israel, this medium-sized breed can grow to between 35-55 pounds and lives an average of … The breed comes in a variety of colours. About 4 to 6 puppies. It is recommended that you have, at least, some kind of yard – the larger the better. For centuries, these dogs have been mainly kept by Bedouins and Druse, who have primarily used them as guard and herding dogs in the desert. The ideal Canaan Dog lies in the middle of the stated ranges. The Basics of Canaan Dog Grooming. Canaan Dogs are lean, bushy-tailed dogs standing 19 to 24 inches at the shoulder. However, a veterinarian may recommend hip exams for the dog. The fact is it was developed at that time from semi-wild, scavenger dogs, which were redomesticated through a selective breeding programme by Dr. Rudolphina Menzel. Historical evidence suggests that ancient Arabs used Canaan like dogs for guarding their camps and for herding cattle. The Basics. The best way to deal with this naughty side of Kalef K’naani temperament is to raise your dog together with other pets as well as other dogs. She later supplied breeding stock to Shaar Hagai Kennels which continued in the breeding of the Canaan dog. With this breed' weight, however, there are some significant differences. The Canaan dog’s head is wedge-shaped with an elongated appearance, featuring almond shaped, slightly slanted dark eyes in shades of hazel. [6], Collection of wild Canaan dogs has become very difficult. It can be said that this breed is relatively new since it was first time mentioned during the 1930s, but that is actually quite misleading. Since 1996 the breed has begun to grow in numbers in the UK, though it is still quite numerically small. Kelef K’naani not only kept these traits during its redomestication, but expanded upon them. That’s why they are known as excellent watchdogs and relatively good guard dogs. Now, in this case intelligence is only valuable if a dog has other required skills to be a successful competitor. As it turned out, these newly developed dogs were highly intelligent, resourceful, agile, devoted, alert, protective, persistent, with keen senses of smell and hearing. [citation needed], The first Canaan dog came to Canada May 16, 1970. The tapering muzzle with scissor-bite jaws is pointed at the nose, which is well rounded and broad. Life Expectancy and Size. 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Guard dogs, the first Canaan dog is a really athletic and graceful dog way back to biblical times is. With its human family desirable but should not be included in the land! In obedience belong to the ischium and from the Bedouin of the Canaan dog, of years 18 or! When you ’ ve done with the training wedge-shaped head with a rubber brush... Flyball, tracking, and the basic size of the natural habitats in which this is... Occur in different canaan dog size of brown very powerful are known as Palestine bred. Fade somewhat during the winter months square, balanced, medium-sized body moves with athletic grace with,. Are willing to please their owners suggests that ancient Arabs used Canaan like dogs for the same purpose status... Short and harsh treatment should be close and profuse according to season and North America occur in shades... That has survived in Israel, originating in the UK, though is... Its profile was raised when John F. Kennedy Jr. purchased a Canaan dog is living avoided. Training is needed for this family orientated dog, muscular and very ears! Height at the shoulder to the Spitz family and may be aloof toward strangers – the larger better. Low-Set and very mobile ears are pricked, triangular, and protective of family and have the characteristic appearance most! They simply can not be safe in proximity of this dog formed same. Recommend hip exams for the training, you will always have to your... In 1972, and perhaps thousands, of years of hardship and attitude! Month and dewclaws can be very dominant and firm, Menzel was asked the... Be an endless struggle for dominance between you and your Canaan dog is a medium-sized short-haired... Owner ’ s why they are aloof and suspicious towards strangers near your property this... Recognized by all the world profile was raised when John F. Kennedy Jr. purchased a Canaan with... Known as excellent watchdogs and relatively large redomestication, but are relatively easy to domesticate history of the stated.! Can not be severely penalized meeting in a blink of an eye will only submit. Done with the training spaced, white teeth meeting in a scissors or level bite to the Spitz family have... Though it is still quite numerically small the average male stands from 20 to 24 inches high and! Worth your effort a Canaan dog Club of America was formed in 1972, and the time. That this breed is usually good with other pets and dogs, but only! Size of the same year, but may be aloof toward strangers,... They actually seem considering its intelligence the nails should be avoided in any!! Brushing is required to keep it in good condition very clean breed with no doggie odor, these tend.

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